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Swimming Pool Wiring: How Much Does Electrical Hook-up Cost?

What does it cost to wire a swimming pool??

cost to wire a swimming poolEvery inground pool project comes with certain peripheral costs that need to be figured when calculating a budget.  In many cases, one such cost is electrical hook-up.  This article is a guide to provide inground pool shoppers with a "ball-park" idea of what to expect to spend to have an electrician wire all of the components of their pool.  Please keep in mind that swimming pool electrical hook-up cost may vary widely between regions.    


General Price Range

In the Virginia, Maryland, D.C. areas a standard electrical hook-up package for an inground pool will generally cost between $3500 and $4500.  This standard package would include:

  • An electrical permit
  • Labor and materials to wire standard pool components which include: pump, light, pump timer, and installing one gfci receptacle plug between 10'-20' from the pool.
  • Bonding all necessary components
  • Insuring all necessary inspections pass


Criteria of a "Standard Installation"

Most electricians consider an installation to be "standard" when:

  • The equipment (pump and filter system) is located at the house and therefore does not require any trenching between the house and the pool equipment.
  • The house has a standard crawlspace foundation.
  • The house panel box has room for the additional breakers needed for the pool equipment.

The base price for a standard scenario such as this would cost around $3500.


Factors that will affect cost:

Obviously, there are many pool projects that do not fall within the parameters of a standard electrical hook-up package.  Here is a list of additional factors that will affect the electrical hook-up cost.


Filter system location

Locating the pool equipment away from the house adds cost for two primary reasons.  First, because the electrician now has to dig a trench across the yard from the house to the equipment and this trench has to be inspected by local building officials to verify that it is at proper depth.  Second, because there's a longer run from the panel box in the house to the equipment the amount of labor and material increases proportionately.

Additional Cost:  $500-$1,500


Pool Equipment

As I stated earlier a standard hook-up normally includes wiring the pump, pump timer, light, and a receptacle.  Each additional piece of pool equipment that needs to be wired will add some cost to the bottom line.  Here's a list of pool options and a general price to wire them.

  • Salt Chlorine Generator:                  $150
  • Heat Pump:                                   $700-$1,000
  • Fuel Burning Heater:                       $300-$500
  • Hot Tub                                        $500-$1,000
  • Automatic Cover                             $500-$750


Basement or Concrete Slab Foundation

A finished basement or concrete slab foundation requires the electrician to run his wire out of the house at the location of the electrical panel box and trench around the entire perimeter of the house until he reaches the pool equipment.  In contrast, with a crawl space foundation (standard installation) the electrician can run the wire under the house and have the wire exit at the equipment location.  This additional labor and materials will usually cost an additional $500-$1000.


Room in House Electrical Panel

If the house electrical panel is full there are two options:

The first option is to have the electrician install a sub-panel which will simply provide the breaker space needed to accommodate the pool equipment.  This approach assumes that the existing service to the house can handle the load placed on it by the new pool equipment.  This approach is basically a means of re-distributing the existing electrical service in your home and will normally cost an additional $250-$500

The second option is to contact the electrical company and get what's known as a service upgrade which will increase the amount of electricity provided to your house.  This normally takes the electrical provider three to six weeks to install and can cost from $750-$1500.


Well, there you have it:  a cost guide for wiring an inground pool.  Please feel free to share any questions or comments below and we'll be happy to respond.   

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Jason, can I get your electricians name? Does he travel to Toronto? Your numbers for Spas and Heat pumps...both 60 amp are low in my opinion but you need to qualify with distance of service. Also, we are typically installing Easy Touch control panels and might want to add this to your list and include programing. 
Posted @ Wednesday, June 02, 2010 12:25 PM by Arnold Vos
For Arnold, Our company is in SC and I had a great electrician that was with us for 4 years installing every kind of equipment you can think of, move back to the TO area. If you want, give me a call and leave your phone # and I'll have him give you a call if he can handle some extra work. My # is 843-293-9515 (I'm from Toronto myself)
Posted @ Wednesday, June 02, 2010 4:44 PM by Murray
I'll also agree about the automation systems. They can be quite time consuming in wiring and programming. I figure in about 10-12 hours for a P4 from goldline
Posted @ Wednesday, June 02, 2010 9:32 PM by Murray
Do You Guys Know What "Final Grading"??
Posted @ Thursday, June 03, 2010 10:34 PM by Kim
I Meant What Is Final Grading???
Posted @ Thursday, June 03, 2010 10:37 PM by kim
@Arnold, thanks for the feedback bud. Why don't you give us an idea of the electrical costs in your region. We could turn this into a regional electrical cost resource for all of our readers. thanks! 
@Kim, could you clarify the question please. In what context do you mean "final grading"? thanks
Posted @ Friday, June 04, 2010 7:00 AM by Jason
ive looked at some of the pricing listed for electrical install for pools and spas on this page some are close but most are not. every pool or spa will very of course but they all have to comply with national electric code standards these standards are required for all installs. i think some of the prices although i know are just ballpark arent even close and are misleading perhaps who ever is putting this information together should do some research before attempting to qoute prices  
Posted @ Thursday, February 23, 2012 11:37 AM by dave stayton
You're right, when I wrote this article some time back the prices were legit. I've updated them accordingly. 
Thanks for the heads up!
Posted @ Thursday, February 23, 2012 12:05 PM by Jason Hughes
I love swimming. Swimming is the best exercise for every one. It is very good if swimming pool electrical hook-up cost may vary widely between regions. I enjoy this all the time. Thanks for your nice post.
Posted @ Tuesday, August 14, 2012 4:42 AM by Poul David
I love swimming. Swimming is the best exercise for every one. It is very good if swimming pool electrical hook-up cost may vary widely between regions. I enjoy this all the time. Thanks for your nice post.  
Posted @ Tuesday, August 14, 2012 4:43 AM by Poul David
It really depends on which National Electric Code revision the building inspector is using. There is the 2005, 2008, and 2011 NEC code revisions. The most expensive change in the GFCI on the 240V equipment. The GFCI has to include the current imbalance detection as well since pump motors do not use a neutral wire. For that reason you can't be using the 240v GFCI breaker in the house panel. You have to use it in the subpanel since some 120v lights even LED's are enough to trip the current imbalance circuit.
Posted @ Sunday, December 16, 2012 1:21 AM by Robi Akerley-McKee
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